Type Two Diabetes is by far the most common form of diabetes in America today. It is generally considered an adult onset metabolic disease—the result of the body’s resistance to insulin or to a reduced insulin production in the body. Insulin is the hormone that governs blood glucose levels and when the body ceases to respond to it properly glucose can begin to build up in its systems. Over time, this causes cell damage throughout the body and can result in heart attacks, strokes, blindness, kidney failure, and other catastrophic health issues.
There are many potential reasons for the development of this disease, but the biggest risk factors affecting Americans today are obesity coupled with a sedentary lifestyle. These factors place metabolic processes under too much strain to function properly. As a result, treatment for this disease requires dietary modifications and exercise as well as medication and insulin replacement. With proper care, however, the worst complications of the disease can be managed and prevented.